Jay Allen (Seattle, 7 July 1900-1974) was an American journalist.
Between 1925 and 1934, he was a correspondent for the Chicago Tribune in France, Belgium, Spain, Italy, Austria, Germany, Poland and the Balkans. In 1930 he met important leaders of the Spanish Socialist Party (PSOE): Juan Negrín, Luis Araquistáin, Julio Álvarez del Vayo, Rodolfo Llopis in Spain. He also knew important leaders of the Spanish right such as José Calvo Sotelo and José Antonio Primo de Rivera. In 1934 he covered the uprising in Asturias for the Chicago Tribune. He was briefly imprisoned because he helped to hide some socialist leaders from the police. After his release he went to live in Torremolinos and over the next two years traveled across Spain to gather information for a book about the agrarian problem in Spain.
Spanish civil war
When the Spanish Civil War started, he covered the conflict for the Chicago Tribune. In July 1936 he interviewed general Francisco Franco (leader of the rebels and future dictator of Spain).
Allen was the first American journalist to report on the massacre of Badajoz. On 23 August 1936, nine days after the fall of the city, he entered Badajoz and saw the executions taking place. On 30 August the Chicago Tribune published its report on the massacre: “Slaughter of 4,000 at Badajoz, city of horrors”, the first report about it in the United States. As a result, the nationals put a price on his head and the supporters of the Nationals in the States started a campaign against Allen. In November 1936 he interviewed the chief of Spanish falange José Antonio Primo de Rivera who was imprisoned in Valencia. It was the last interview before his execution. After that, Allen returned to the United States.
Second world war and after
In 1940 he went to France as a correspondent for the North American Newspaper Alliance. There he helped to organize a group to help French artists to flee the country. Because of this the Gestapo arrested him in 1941, although he was later freed. In 1942 he took part in the campaign of north África. After that, he returned to America and worked for various newspapers until his death in 1974.
- Foreign involvement in the Spanish Civil War
- ^ a b c "Foreign correspondents in the Spanish Civil War" by Paul Preston. Instituto Cervantes in Spanish
- ^ Gannes, Harry & Repard, Theodore Spain in Revolt 1936 Left Book Club Edition, Victor Gollancz Ltd
- ^ a b Southworth, Herbert R. El mito de la cruzada de Franco. Random House Mondadori. Barcelona. 2008. ISBN: 978-84.8436-574-5
- "Un periodista bien informado" (Spanish)