Twentieth Century is a play by Ben Hecht and Charles MacArthur based on the unproduced play Napoleon of Broadway by Charles B. Millholland, inspired by his experience working for the eccentric Broadway impresario David Belasco.
The Hecht-MacArthur comedy is set in the observation car of the Twentieth Century Limited, travelling from Chicago to New York's Grand Central Terminal. Aboard the luxury train are egomaniacal theatre producer Oscar Jaffe, desperately in need of a hit, and his former paramour and protégé, temperamental actress Lily Garland (born Mildred Plotka), who abandoned him for a Hollywood career. Oscar is determined to sign her for his new show, and Lily is just as determined to ignore his advances, both professional and personal.
The first Broadway production, directed by George Abbott, opened on December 29, 1932 at the Broadhurst Theatre, where it ran for 152 performances. Moffat Johnston and Eugenie Leontovich were the stars, with William Frawley in a featured role. 1 It was adapted for a critically acclaimed film adaptation of the same name two years later.
The play has been revived on Broadway twice. The first, directed by José Ferrer, opened on December 24, 1950 at the ANTA Playhouse, where it ran for 233 performances. The production starred Ferrer as Oscar and Gloria Swanson, who designed her own gowns, as Lily. Werner Klemperer and Edward Platt were also in the cast.2
After twenty-seven previews, the second revival, an adaptation by Ken Ludwig directed by Walter Bobbie, opened on March 25, 2004 at the Roundabout Theatre Company's American Airlines Theatre, where it ran for 84 performances. Alec Baldwin and Anne Heche headed a cast that included Dan Butler and Tom Aldredge. Tony Award nominations went to Heche and Aldredge, and the production earned a Drama Desk Award nomination for Outstanding Set Design of a Play.3
Twentieth Century has been presented on television at least three times:
On the Twentieth Century a musical adaptation of the play by Betty Comden, Adolph Green, and Cy Coleman opened on Broadway on February 19, 1978 with John Cullum and Madeline Kahn as the stars. It was directed by Harold Prince and played for 11 previews and 449 performances.5